Feeding Practices among Infants in a Rural Community in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Rajat Das Gupta Intern Doctor, Dhaka Medical College, Bangladesh
Keywords: Breast Feeding, Infant, Feeding Behaviour, Bangladesh, Hand Disinfection


Background: Proper feeding practices during infancy are necessary for the growth and development of infants and to prevent malnutrition. This study was conducted to describe the feeding practice among infants in a rural area in Bangladesh. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between February and June 2013. Data was collected through face-to-face interviews of 212 mothers using a pretested questionnaire. Results: Exclusive breast feeding and complementary feeding rates were 40.6% and 97.3%, respectively. One third of the mothers practiced prelactal feeding, and honey was the most common item. Maternal illness (72.7%) was the most common reason for not giving breast milk. Infant formula was used as an alternative food in majority of the cases (72.7%). Conclusion: Percentage of exclusive breast feeding was not satisfactory. Encouragement of female education is recommended to improve feeding practices and infant care

Author Biography

Rajat Das Gupta, Intern Doctor, Dhaka Medical College, Bangladesh

Rajat Das Gupta is an intern doctor working at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. He completed his MBBS at Dhaka Medical College in May 2014


1. Kuczmarski RJ, Ogden CL, Grummer-Strawn LM, Flegal KM, Guo SS, Wei R, et al. CDC growth charts: United States. Adv Data. 2000 Jun 8; (314): 1-27.
2. Thompson RA. Development in the first years of life. Future Child. 2001 Spring-Summer;11(1):20-33.
3. Saha KK, Frongillo EA, Alam DS, Arifeen SE, Persson LA, Rasmussen KM.. Appropriate infant feeding practices result in better growth of infant and young children in rural Bangladesh. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Jun;87(6):1852-9.
4. National Institute of Population Research and Training. our Window of Opportunity. Dhaka: National Institute of Population Research and Training. 2007:p 1-3.
5. Breastfeeding: Foundation for a healthy future. New York, UNICEF. 1999.
Shefyetullah K. Health Bulletin 2011. Management Information System, Di¬rectorate General of Health Services. Government of the People's Repúblic of Bangladesh Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. Mohakhali, Dhaka: 2012.
7. von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gotzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP, et al. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epide¬miology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Lancet. 2007;370(9596):1453-7.
8. Cao X, Rawalai K, Thompson AJ, Hartel G, Thompson S, Paterson JH, et al. Relationship between Feeding Practices and Weanling Diarrhoea in Northeast Thailand. J Health Popul Nutr. 2000 Sep;18(2):85-92.
9. Begum T, Hoque SA, Islam MR, Katoon S, Shah AR. Infant Feeding Practice of Mother attending Pediatric out Patients Department in A Tertiary Care Cen¬ter. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health 2013 Nov;37(3):138-141.
10. Ahmed FU, Rahman ME, Alam MS. Prelacteal feeding: influencing factors and relation to establishment of lactation. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 1996 Aug;22:60-4.
11. Ahmed S, Parveen SD, Islam A. Infant feeding practices in rural Bangla¬desh: policy Implications.J Trop Pediatr 1999 Feb; 45:37-41.
12. National Institute of Population Research and Training. Bangladesh de¬mographic and health survey 2004. Dhaka: National Institute of Population Research and Training. 2005:165-84.
13. Health and Science Bulletin. Hand washing Behavior in Rural Bangladesh. ICDDRB 2008 Sep;6(3):21-24.
14. Nizame FA, Unicomb L, Sanghvi T, Roy S, Nuruzzaman M, Ghosh PK, et al. Handwashing before food preparation and child feeding: a missed oppor¬tunity for hygiene promotion. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Dec;89(6):1179-85.
How to Cite
Das Gupta, R. (2014). Feeding Practices among Infants in a Rural Community in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Medical Students, 2(3), 115-118. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2014.99
Original Article